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Psi Chi Journal Spring 2014

PSI CHI Journal of Psychological Research
Volume 19.1 | Spring 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLES

Great Indexing News for Psi Chi Journal
Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez
Utah State University


ABSTRACT: The success of scientific journals is measured by many markers, among them, whether or not they are indexed in well-known databases. Our Journal was already indexed in EBSCO Academic Search Complete, which has over 13,690 journals and content dating to 1887 (EBSCO, 2014). Now, I am excited to say that Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research is also listed in PsycINFO, which has nearly 2,500 journals and coverage dating back to 1597 (APA, 2014). The process of being considered for indexing in PsycINFO included a careful review of a year's worth of issues for high-quality content considered of interest to psychologists. Entry into this database is a testament to the excellent work of authors, their mentors, our peer reviewers, associate editors, and editorial staff.

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Student Perceptions of Study Time

Kirstie L. Bash and David S. Kreiner
University of Central Missouri

ABSTRACT: The ability to assess time accurately is limited. One example is the planning fallacy, defined as the time underestimation to complete larger tasks and the time overestimation for smaller tasks (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979). Accurate time allocations facilitate better time-management skills, which are critical to college students’ success. The purpose of this research was to compare perceived study time and actual study time. Sixty-five students participated in a 2-part study consisting of 3 surveys (Internal Control Index, Student Studying Survey, and Demographics Survey) and 1 study log used to report daily study times for 1 week. Data were analyzed using a paired samples t test, denoting that students underestimated study time (M = -154.25), t(64) = -2.73, p = .008, r = .10, and a Pearson r, which indicated no correlation between study time and perception of control, r(61) = .224, p = .083. The underestimation of study time suggests that students perceive studying as a larger task, further indicating that students are placing importance on studying.

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Social Anxiety, Observed Performance, and Perceived Social Competencies
in Late-Adolescent Friendships

Brittany N. Kuder and Rachel L. Grover
Loyola University Maryland


ABSTRACT:
The functioning of socially anxious college students in friendships is surprisingly unexplored, given the prevalence and severity of psychopathology as well as the importance of close social relationships at this developmental stage. The current study sought to examine the perceived social competencies of socially anxious late adolescents and their observable behavior in conversation with friends. A sample of 54 undergraduate students completed the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A; La Greca & Lopez, 1998) and the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ; Buhrmester, Furman, Wittenberg, & Reis, 1988). In addition, each was videotaped in a 10 min conversation with a friend, and coders rated each interaction using the Social Performance Rating Scale (SPRS; Fydrich, Chambless, Perry, Buergener, & Beazley, 1998). General social anxiety (Total SAS-A) scores were significantly negatively correlated with perceived general interpersonal competencies (r = -.51, p < .001), comfort (r = -.27, p = .05), and length (r = -.34, p = .01), such that those with higher social anxiety reported lower competencies in social situations and displayed less comfort and either very short or very long talking turns. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.

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The Effect of the Color Red on Hirability and Attractiveness
Julia F. Hammett, Emily J. Issler, and Holy E. Bashore
San Diego State University


ABSTRACT:
The present study investigated the effect of the color red on hirability and character attractiveness. Initial data were collected from 106 voluntary participants recruited from a Southwestern American university campus. Participants read a personality description, printed on either red or white paper, of either a male or female target, and completed a questionnaire rating the target’s hirability and character attractiveness. The first hypothesis, that people would rate the target as less hirable if the personality description was printed on red paper rather than on white paper, was mostly supported. The second hypothesis, that people would rate the target as more attractive if the personality description was printed on red paper rather than on white paper, was partially supported. The third hypothesis, that this effect would only be true when rating opposite-sex targets, was not clearly supported. The results indicate that the effects of the color red depend on the context in which the color is viewed. A red stimulus may increase undesirable behaviors and attributes in performance-based contexts that foster competitiveness, such as contexts in which a person’s hirability is evaluated, but may increase desirable behaviors and attributes in relational contexts, in which a person’s attractiveness is evaluated.

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Blacks in the Red: Racial Discrimination in Funding Allocations
Donte L. Bernard, Jessica L. McManus, and Donald A. Saucier
Kansas State University


ABSTRACT:
In interracial helping situations, discrimination is likely to occur particularly when it cannot be justified by using other situational factors (e.g., the justification-suppression model of prejudice; Crandall & Eshleman, 2003). Through use of the justification-suppression model of prejudice as a theoretical foundation, we conducted a study to examine if individuals who were higher in racism would be less likely to allocate funds to organizations that help racial minority students. White participants completed a racism measure and later were asked to allocate a large sum of money across a variety of student organizations, one of which helped racial minority students. Results revealed that participants allocated less money to the organization that benefitted Black students. Participants’ racism scores, however, were uncorrelated with the amount of money that was allocated to each group. These results add to the literature on discrimination in helping situations, suggesting that in interracial allocation situations, the race of those in need may significantly influence how much is ultimately given.

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Response Bias Toward Fearful Stimuli Increases
as Stimulus Noise Increases

Brian D. Stirling, Madeleine S. Greskovich,
and Dan R. Johnson
Washington and Lee University


ABSTRACT:
Signal detection theory was applied to investigate the role of bias in snake perception. In Experiment 1 (N = 16), participants viewed flashing images of snakes and salamanders and were instructed to identify which image appeared. Experiment 2 (N = 16) used a similar design but also included blurred stimuli (noisy stimuli condition) in order to generate greater noise. We hypothesized that individuals would exhibit a response bias (i.e., where false alarms exceed misses) toward snakes and that this effect would increase in Experiment 2 due to greater uncertainty in the noise condition. In Experiment 1, participants recorded significantly more false alarms than misses (p = .002, d = 0.97). In Experiment 2, participants also recorded significantly more false alarms than misses (p = .001), with a larger effect for noisy stimuli (p < .001, d = 1.16) than for standard stimuli (p = .002, d = 0.97). These results provide the first evidence of a response bias toward fear-relevant stimuli in a nonclinical population. 

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The Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research educates, supports, and promotes professional development, and disseminates psychological science. Only original, empirical manuscripts that make a contribution to psychological knowledge are published. Authors are Psi Chi members at the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty level.

 

 

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